The codebook when it comes to bigger research ended up being based considerably in the factors produced by Kunkel

The codebook when it comes to bigger research ended up being based considerably in the factors produced by Kunkel

Only a few product which was taped had been coded. As our focus ended up being on scripted development, we excluded news that is daily, game shows, sports programs and activities, and paid development, in addition to all kinds of commercials as well as other promotions ( e.g., teasers for system programs). Although music videos had been taped, they certainly were coded and analyzed individually for their unique faculties and so are perhaps maybe not reported right here. The analyses delivered in this paper, however, do are the nonmusic video clip programming from cable music activity stations including talk programs, variety/comedy shows, and truth programs. In addition, reveals that had been incomplete simply because they started before 3:00 p.m. or ended after 11:00 p.m. are not coded. Finally, episode repeats had been eradicated through the test.

The last sample for the 2001 2002 period contains 1,276 unique system episodes, whereas the ultimate test for the 2002 2003 period included 1,439 unique system episodes. The test for the 2nd content analysis had been significantly bigger than the initial 12 months’s sample once we produced concerted work in year 2 to make sure that we had three episodes of each and every nonsyndicated show. Despite strict adherence into the sampling plan, extra taping had been needed whenever, for instance, brand brand new programs entered the autumn lineup following the beginning of the year to replace for cancelled programs or once the time and time slot for a set ended up being changed.


The codebook when it comes to bigger research had been based significantly regarding the variables produced by Kunkel and peers (1999, 2001, 2003) within their content analyses conducted when it comes to Kaiser Family Foundation. We created extra products, including those on exact same intercourse sexual behavior and sexual talk pertaining to nonheterosexuals. Contrary to Kunkel and colleagues, whom utilized the scene because the unit that is primary of, our content analyses involved coding for intimate content in 2 moment periods of system time. Because scenes differ dramatically in length and, hence, usually do not offer a continuing device of measure to make evaluations across programs, we utilized a coding that is standard according to time. Coding news development in designated time periods has been utilized usually by other scientists conducting analyses that are content different system genres including films, detergent operas, and music videos (Hazan, Lipton, & Glantz, 1994; Lowery, 1980; Roberts, Christenson, Henriksen, & Bandy, 2002; Roberts, Henriksen, & Christenson, 1999; Sommers Flanagan, Sommers Flanagan, & Davis, 1993; Stockwell & Glantz, 1997; Terre, Drabman, & Speer, 1991).

For purposes with this content analysis, intercourse had been thought as any depiction of sexual intercourse, intimately suggestive behavior, or any speak about sex or activity that is sexual. To be conservative and prevent overcoding content that is sexual communications about intercourse were differentiated from nonsexual communications associated with relationship and relationships, that have been maybe perhaps not coded. For instance, a declaration such as “Everyone loves my boyfriend” wouldn’t be coded whereas a declaration such as “I made want to my boyfriend” will be coded.

Exact exact exact Same intercourse behavior that is sexual

Every 2 moment period that were coded as containing one or more variety of sexual intercourse monitored in the main coding task flirting, kissing, intimate touching, intercourse implied, sexual activity depicted, as well as other intimate behavior 2 has also been evaluated for the existence of exact exact Cams Love Aholics same intercourse behavior that is sexual. With this product, programmers utilized a yes/no response format to point whether some of the sexual behavior depicted within the period took place between two different people associated with the same intercourse.

Explore nonheterosexual intimate problems

Each 2 interval that is minute was coded as containing a minumum of one example of talk through the intimate talk categories utilized in the primary coding task ( ag e.g., commentary about own/others’ intimate actions or passions, speak about sexual activity who has currently occurred, speak about sex crimes) ended up being additionally coded for whether some of the intimate talk linked to nonheterosexuals. Because of this item, coders once again utilized a yes/no response format to point whether some of the intimate talk reflected the sexual passions or issues of nonheterosexual individuals. Most frequently, such remarks associated with gays and lesbians, although sometimes they certainly were related to bisexuals.